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Historic Events for Lawyers


The Consideration of the draft “Law Society Act” In the National Assembly.

4 July 1984 – 19 July 1985

WEDNESDAY, 4 JULY 1984 – At the 11/1984 Session of the House of Representatives, Mr. Piyanat Vacharaporn, Vice President of the House of Representatives acting for the President of House, Mr. Sophon Petchswang, M.P. for Buri Ram, proposed a motion to move the drafts Lawyers Act B.E?.. proposed by Mr. Sutat Ngoenmuen and the Government being Agenda No.5.64 and 6.3 respectively up for consideration first. There were 52 votes for the change of the Agenda and 50 against. A second voting was proposed and there were 93 votes for and 64 against. The drafts were then considered and it was unanimously resolved to accept in priciple the draft. An Extraordinary Committee was set up, comprising of 25 menbers, including Mr. Kumnuan Chalopathump to consider the same.

MONDAY, 9 JULY 1984 – The Extraordinary Committee, at its first meeting appointed Mr. Pipop Asitirat, Minister of Justice as Chairman and Mr. Kumnuan Chalopathump as the Secretary.

TUESDAY, 17 JULY 1984 – The Lawyers Association of Thailand held a meeting of lawyers and representatives of lawyers association from all over the country to exchange ideas on the draft “Law Society Act” at the Royal Hotel. The meeting was also attended by Mr. Piyanat Vacharaporn, Vice President of the House of Representatives and M.P. for Sai Sa Kat, Mr. Sutat Ngoenmuen M.P. for Ubon Ratchathani, Mr. Sopon Petchswang M.P. for Buri Ram, Mr. Karun Sai-Ngam M.P. for Buri Ram and Mr. Prem Malakul Na Ayutthaya M.P. for Uttaradit. These people played a part in pushing the draft Law Society Act towards the House of Representatives and the Senate.

FROM 9 JULY 1984 – The Extraordinary Committee held a total of 11 meetings, the last meeting being held on Friday 21 September 1984 before all Sections were considered. Two more meetings were held to go over the wording of the draft on 8 and 15 May 1985. The draft as seen by the Committee were then presented to the President of the House of Representatives on 22 May 1985.

Mr. Utai Pimjaichon, President of the House of Representatives ordered the draft to be placed as Agenda No.4.2 of its 6/1985 Session to be held on Thursday, 30 May 1985.

29 MAY 1985 – The Lawyers Association of Thailand arranged another meeting amongst lawyers and their representatives at the Royal Hotel to exchange views.

THURSDAY, 30 MAY 1985 – The House of Representatives at its 6/1985 Session unanimously resolved to approve the draft proposed by the Extraordinary Committee and forwarded the same for consideration of the Senate on 31 May 1985.

Dr. Ukrit Mongkolnavin, President of Senate, ordered the draft to be placed as Agenda No.6.1 of its 6/1985 Session to be held on Friday 7 June 1985.

FRIDAY, 7 JUNE 1985 – The Senate resolved to approve in principle the draft Lawyers Act at its 6/1985 Session and passed it on to its Governing Committee for consideration. As the draft is a money bill, the Senate must finish its consideration within 30 days as provided in Section 127 of the Constitution.

The Governing Committee chaired by Mr. Osot Kosin considered the draft and submitted it to the President of the Senate on 24 June 1985.

FRIDAY, 28 JUNE 1985 – The Senate resolved to approve the draft at its 8/1985 Session and returned it to the House of Representatives.

THURSDAY, 4 JULY 1985 – The House of Representatives considered the draft at its 13/1985 Session and resolved to appoint a Joint Committee comprising of 20 members from the House of Representatives. Mr. Kumnuan Chalopathump was appointed a member of this Joint Committee.

FRIDAY, 5 JULY 1985 – The Senate resolved to appoint a Joint Committee at its 9/1985 Session comprising of 20 members from the Senate.

THURSDAY, 11 JULY 1985 – The Joint Committee appointed Dr. Anuwat Wattanapongsiri, N.P. for Buri Ram as the Chairman of the Joint Committee and Mr. Kumnuan Chalopathump as the Secretary. Every Section of the draft was considered on 11 July 1985 and the draft presented to the President of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate on 12 July 1985.

THURSDAY, 18 JULY 1985 – At the 15/1985 Session of The House of Representatives, the draft Lawyers Act was placed as Agenda No.4.5 Mr. Utai Pimjaichon, President of the House of Representatives and Chairman. The Session resolved to move Agenda 4.5 up for consideration first as proposed by the Chairman. It was thereafter unanimously resolved to approve the draft Lawyers Act proposed by the Joint Committee and for the same to become law.

FRIDAY, 19 JULY 1985 – The Senate, at its 11/1985 Session unanimously approved the draft Lawyers Act which was Agenda No. 1.3.

THE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE SENATE proposed the draft Lawyers Act A.D. 1985 to the President for further presentation to the king for signature on 23 July 1985.

HIS MAJESTY THE KING signed the Lawyers Act B.E. 2528 (A.D.1985) on 10 September 1985.

THE ACT was published in the Government Gazette, Special Edition, Volume 102, Section 129, on 19 September 1985.

WEDNESDAY, 18 DECEMBER 1985 – THE LAW SOCIETY was legelly established – being a historical date which marks the joint effort and unity of lawyers.

15 March 1986 – Election of the first President and Board of Governors of the Law Society under the Lawyers Act B.E.2528(1985). Mr. Kamnuan Chalopathump was elected the first president.

8 April 1989 – Mr. Prathan Duangrat and was elected the second President of the Law Society.

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Before Freedom Day


20 February A.D.1957 – The Lawyers Association of Thailand was established.

A.D.1970 – The First Lawyers Seminar of Thailand was held at Thammasat University during 16 – 17 January 1970. The fifth conclusion of the Seminar Provides : ”A proposal that only a Lawyers Institution should have supervision and control over lawyers in Thailand as practiced in other countries and to be in the same manner as the medical profession which is supervised and controlled by doctors who are in the same profession.”

A.D.1974 – Mr. Marut Bunnag, the then Member of the National Leglislative Council, introduced the first draft ”Law Society Act” as a result of the conclusions of the Lawyers Seminar of Thailand. No consideration was made due to the dissolution of the National Legislative Council.

A.D.1975 – Mr. Mongkol Sukontakachorn, M.P. for Nakhon Ratchasima and his group proposed another draft ”Law Society Act” to the President of the House of Representatives on 17 April 1975. This draft was accepted in principle. It was however dropped due to the political events of 6 October 1976 and the movement to establish the Law Society also temporarily ceased.

A.D.1982 – Mr. Piyanat Vacharaporn, M.P. for Si Sa ket and his group proposed the draft “Law Society Act” to the President of the House of Representatives on 20 May 1982.

A.D.1982-1983 – Mr. Marut Bunnag, while being the Minister of Justice, made a proposal to the Cabinet to set up ”A Committee for Amendment of the Lawyers Act” chaired by the then Under-Secretary of Justice, Mr. Sopon Rattanakorn. The Committee held 19 meetings to condider the draft. The Ministry of Justice, then submitted the draft to the Cabinet on 25 January 1983. Cabinet of thereafter resolved on 22 March 1983 to forward the draft to the Office of the Juridical Council for review.

A.D.1983 – While the draft ”Law Society Act” was under the consideration of the Office of the Juridical Council, Mr.Sutat Ngoenmuen, M.P. for Ubon Ratchathani, Mr.Chuen Leekpai, M.P. for Trung and Mr. Marut Bunnag, M.P. for Bangkok Metropolis (Minister of Public Health) and group jointly proposed another draft ”Law Society Act”, the principle and reasoning of which are along the same line as the draft of the ministry of Justice, to the Democratic Party, on 24 May 1983 resolved to present the draft to the House of Representatives. The draft was thereafter submitted for the endorsement of the Prime Minister as required by the Constitution since it is considered a money bill.

Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda forwarded the draft to the Committee for Coordination of the National Assembly, chaired by Mr. Boontaeng Thongswasdi. The committee considered the draft on 18 July 1983 and unanimously approved the endorsement. The endorsement was made by the Prime Minister on 8 September 1986 and the draft submitted to the President of the House of Representatives on the same day.

12 SEPTEMBER 1983 – Mr. Uthai Pimjaichon, President of the House of Representatives ordered that the draft Lawyers Act be placed on the Agenda.

26 JUNE 1984 – The Office of the Prime Minister by General Prachuab Suntharangkul, Deputy Prime Minister acting for the Prime Minister, proposed the Government’s version of the draft Lawyers Act to the President of the House of Representatives on 26 June 1984, being approximately over one year after the submission of Mr. Sutat Ngaonmuen’s draft. (The draft of Lawyers Act as proposed by the Government was a revised draft prepared by the Ministry of Justice. The Council of Ministers approved that such draft forwarded to the President of the House of Representatives approximately one year after Mr. Sutat Ngoenmuen had proposed his draft and approximately 9 months after the President of the House of Representatives had ordered that Mr. Sutat Ngoenmuen’s draft be placed on the Agenda).

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History of The Law Society of Thailand


Record of events 71 years the historical developments of the legal profession.

The first Lawyers Act was promulgated in 1914 during the reign of king Rama VI. The fundamental reasons for such promulgation stem from His Majesty’s express concern.

“By Royal Command of His Most Excellent Majesty Rama VI, It is hereby proclaimed that : whereas the law provides that a plaintiff and a defendant may appoint a lawyer to represent them in the Court of Justice, and whereas there are unqualified people under the guise of lawyers, and whereas current laws are not sufficient to prevail on such people, it is deemed that all those people engaging in the profession as lawyers should all possess proper qualifications, with good conduct and uniformity, This Act is therefore promulgated?.”

The Lawyers Act of B.E.2475 (A.D.1914) divided lawyers into two classes. A first- class lawyer must pass his Bar Examinations. A second-class lawyer must satisfactorily pass the examinations of the Director-General of the Court of Appeal. A first-class lawyer may practice throughout the Kingdom while the performance of a second-class lawyer is restricted to Bangkok and major cities in which his office is registered and in such other provinces as may be listed in his license.

“If he wishes to practice in other localities outside his jurisdiction, then a special permission will be required on each and every occasion.”

A.D.1934- The lawyers Act B.E.2475 was repealed and replaced with the lawyers Act B.E.2477 (A.D.1934).

A.D.1938 – The lawyers Act (No.2) B.E.2481 (A.D.1938) (amending the Lawyers Act. B.E.2477, Section 11 relating to the allegation concerning misconduct of lawyers).

A.D.1940 – The Lawyers Act (No.3) B.E.2483 (A.D.1940) (amending the calendar year, the former which states the end of the year as 31 March to 31 December to conform with international calendar year).

The Lawyers Acts A.D.1934,1938 and 1940 merely altered the details. The principle of qualifications of the first and second class lawyers under the Lawyers Act B.E. 2457 remained unchanged.

A.D.1965 – 1971 – The lawyers Act B.E.2508 (A.D.1965) repealed all previous three Lawyers Acts ,namely lawyer Act B.E.2477, B.E.2481 and B.E.2483. The draft of this Lawyers Act was proposed to the Constituent Assembly during the time which General Sarit Thanarat was Prime Minister and came into force during the time of Prime Minister Thanom Kittikachorn. In principle, the Act restricted the performance of the second-class lawyers and the rights of law graduates (LL.B) and thus provoked certain ill-feelings and oppositions. The Act took five years and eight months and five days to go through Parliament. It finally came into force during the time of Prime Minister Thanom Kittikachorn as the Lawyers Act (No.2) B.E.2514 by being published in the Government Gazette On 27 April B.E.2514 (A.D.1971).

FROM A.D.1914 – Until the promulgation of the present act. The performance of lawyers under the provisions of the aforesaid six Lawyers Acts was controlled by the Director-General of the Court of Appeal and the Bar Association, respectively, both in terms of registration for license and the control of professional ethics.

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